This page describes my workflow for spherical panoramas made from a tripod on the ground. The goal is to produce a panorama photo covering 360° horizontally and 180° vertically. The photo will be of normal dynamic range, such that it can be viewed in an image viewer, embedded on a website, or shown in a VR set.
Last year we went on holiday to Slovenia & Croatia (mentioned here in chronological order of visiting) and made a set of 360°x180° panorama photos. They are available as high dynamic range EXR files on Blender Cloud.
Most drones (UAVs) cannot look straight up to photograph the sky above them. As a result, spherical panoramas made with drones tend to have a gap in the sky. Some drones, like my DJI Mavic 2, can fill in this gap automatically while generating a preview.